Keeping your feet pain-free is surprisingly easy. Healthy measures include good hygiene, regular checks on your own feet, and properly fitting shoes.
Keep your feet clean and dry
Healthy feet start with good hygiene. Thoroughly clean and scrub your feet with soap and water when you bathe. Afterward, dry them well. Fungal organisms love moisture, so depriving them of any wetness will make it more difficult for them to thrive. Dry well between each individual toe, as any excess moisture between the toes can create a great environment for a fungal infection to begin.
Cut toenails properly
Cut nails straight across and avoid trimming too close to the skin or drastically rounding the corners of the nails, which can cause painful, ingrown toenails
Check your feet regularly
Any minor cuts or abrasions should be covered with a clean dry dressing, and blisters should be left to dry out on their own. If they burst, apply a clean dry dressing, but do not burst them yourself. Seek professional treatment if they do not heal quickly. Wounds (sometimes called ulcers) should be assessed and treated as a matter of urgency within 24hours, especially if there is redness or swelling around the area, or where you have previously been warned to seek immediate attention.
Don’t stay in one place for too long without moving your feet. Regular exercise improves circulation to all your extremities
Change shoe size
Your feet continue to change throughout your life. As you grow older your foot will usually get a bit larger. Don’t just purchase your shoes according to your current shoe size. Take time to try new shoes on each time you buy a new pair. Take a few steps to be sure you’re getting the correct size and shift to a larger size for comfort sake if needed.
For the same reason, it is a good idea to buy shoes in the evening, when feet are at their biggest, and never in the morning. Whether you’re buying heels or flats, never get shoes that aren’t instantly comfortable: The “breaking in” myth needs debunking
It's in the genes
Look at the feet of your mother, father and grandparents. Many foot shapes are hereditary, and if identified early enough, small deformations can be prevented or minimized.
Take care of your feet with rest
Sitting with your feet up for 10 minutes after a long day helps circulation. To refresh feet, massage gently with a foot roller, or better still, ask you partner to massage your feet.
Calf stretches help to keep feet supple and keep a good range of movement. Foot exercises are also very beneficial, and one of these is to circle the alphabet with your feet. (A good exercise you can do while sitting at your desk in the office.)
Keep your body, feet and legs warm, especially if your circulation is poor and your mobility is limited. The whole body, rather the just the feet, needs to be kept warm. Trousers, long boots, tights and leg warmers or long socks will help.